Welcome to our Central Thailand Guide
Central Provinces: Ang Thong, Ayutthaya, Bangkok, Chainat, Kanchanaburi, Lopburi, Nakhon Pathom, Nonthaburi, Pathumthani, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Ratchaburi, Petchaburi, Samut Prakan, Samut Sakhon, Samut Songkhram, Saraburi, Singburi, Suphanburi.
The central area, is a vast plain along the Menam Chao Phraya, the biggest Thai river.
This plain well watered, is the Rice farm of the country, while being its its historical, industrial and urban center with Bangkok-city.
It is limited by the Cambodgia in the east and the gulf of siam in the South.
The central plains host the country wealth : Rice fields. The tropical climate and its many rivers makes it one of the most fertile soil of the world, allowing up to three harvests per year.
It is the most populated area.
Central Thailand is very rich in historical sites.
It is the third biggest province of Thailand. Kanchanaburi covers an area of 19.485 square kilometers (mainly mountainous) and borders Myanmar (Burma) in the East of Bangkok.
Apart from the provincial capital itself, 130 km away and two hours ride from Bangkok, Kwai Yai and Kwai Noi rivers merge to form the Mae Klong river.
Bridge on the River Kwai
The famous bridge on the river Kwai is located in Kanchanaburi province, not far from the city center. In 1942, the Japanese started work on a railway from thailand to Burma through the river valley for a distance of about 400 kilometers.For the difficult work, the Japanes enforced roughly 250,000 Asian laborers and 61,000 Allied prisoners-of-war to construct 260 kilometers of rail on the Thai side. 100,000 Asian laborors and 16,000 Allied prisoners lost their lives during that period. The original bridge is no longer exist, and the
present one is for railway use and allow people and motorcycle to cross. You can visit there the JEATH War Museum and the War Cemetery.
Wat Tham Khao Pun
1 km South-East of the War Cimetery of Chong-Kai, this buddhist temple is localy renowned for its caves containing stalactits and stalagmits as well as splendid Buddha reproductions.
Prasat Muang Sing Historical Park Well signalized on the Road 323, 43 km from the city, this ancient site is on the bank of Kwai Noi River. Its ruins, 800 years old have a high archeological interest and it is said that its main structure, the Khmer Prasat Muang Sing (Tower of the city of Lions) was the the most westward fort of the khmer Empire of Angkor.
Skeletons of 2000 years have been discoveres and many different items, like temple carvings, religious statues, pieces of tools and ceramics show that the city was prosperous and was habited from the 12th to the 14th century.
75 km away from the city, the biggest cave of the area hosts stalactits and stalagmits in each of its rooms. Visitors can take boats from Pak Sieng Pier on Kwai Noi River, à Tambon Tha Sao to explore this cave, and then go up to the Sai Yok Yai waterfall, 104 km away from the city.
Erawan National Park
65 km away of Kanchanaburi, along Road 3199, this national park of 550 skm is the site hosting the 7 levels Erawan waterfalls, considered by most as being one of the most beautiful waterfall. The other attraction of the Park is the spectacular Pra That Cave with its huge stalagmits. It is possible to stay there in bungalows and camping equipment is available as well.
In Kanchanaburi province EGAT (The Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand) has three hydroelectric dams in operation : Srinagarind Dam is a multi-purpose project located at Amphoe Srisawat and releases water for downstream dam at Tha Tung Na. Tha Tung Na Dam is a regulating dam and also produce electric power. The Khao Laem Dam is another multi-purpose hydro-electric project at Amphoe Thong Pha Pum. EGAT has guest houses at Srinagarind and Khao Laem Dams including golf courses.
The Ancient Capital of thailand, is only 71 kilometers away from Bangkok.
The historical City of Ayutthaya, formerly known as Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, was the Thai Capital for 417 years and still remains today one of the main tourist attractions of the country. Many buildings and ruins of the ancient times can be visited in this city founded in 1350 by the King Uthong, when Thais had to move to the South dur to the pressure of their northern neighbours.
The main Buddha icon at Wat Phra Mongkol Bophit, the first temple on the way, is one of Thailand's largest bronze statues.
Wat Phraram. This monastry located westward outside of the Grand Palace is near a pond. The King Ramesuan made it built at the exact place were the cremation of the King U Thong did take place. The public garden Phra Ram occupies the site nowadays.
Wat Panan Choeng, located on the riverside, houses a very large Buddha image "Luang Po To", which is the main attraction of this temple.
Wat Maheyong is a very interesting temple with many ruins all over the place. It is under restoration.
Phra Chedi Sisuriyothai is the memorial to Sondet Phra Srisuriyothai, the Thai heroine in the Atytthaya period. She was the Queen of Somdet Phra Mahajakrapat, the king of Ayutthaya.
monument of King Naresuan the Great is newly constructed and completed by the end of 1999. Nearby is Wat Phu Khao Thong or the Golden Mount.
Wat Phra Si Sanphet, the royal palace was located here from the establishment of Ayutthaya in the reign of King Rama- thibodi 1(1350 A.D.). Later on a Wat was built in 1448 A.D. as a monastic area.
It’is the most important temple within the Royal Palace compound and would be the equivalent to the Emerald Buddha in Bangkok's Grand Palace. The royal palace was located here from the establishment of Ayutthaya.
Wat Mahathat was a royal monastery and has been the seat of the Sangaraja, the head of the Buddhist monks of the Kamavasi sect, since the time of the Mahathera Thammakanlayan, who was a contemporary of King Borommarachathirat 1, who built the wat. The temple was restored once again during the reign of King Borommakot when four porticos of the main prang were added. In 1767 when Ayutthaya was sacked the wat was burnt and has since then been in ruins.
POINTS OF INTEREST
THAILAND TRAVEL TRIPS
DIRECTLY ON THE MAP
FROM THE FOREIGN & COMMONWEALTH OFFICE
Download Google Chrome Browser, the Brand New Internet Browser by Google !